We live in a more open and accepting society than our parents and grandparents did. While coming out of the closet can still be a difficult process for many people to make, more and more people are feeling comfortable representing themselves as who they are, and embracing their differences. More and more people are able to admit to themselves and those around them who they are, with less fear of negative and unjust consequences. While there is still a long way to go before our society is a truly equal one, we have already come a long way towards that goal.
That being said, gay and lesbian employees still face a more difficult working experience than do their straight peers. Because the gay experience differs drastically depending on what part of the country you live in, gay employees face drastically different working environments across the United States. Places like New York and San Francisco can be very gay-friendly in their hiring and day-to-day function, while other cities may be much less fair.
A study was conducted in 2007 to gauge the experiences of gay and lesbian employees and how their job status corresponded to whether they were out of the closet or not. The study found (unsurprisingly) that employees who felt that their job would be negatively affected by their being open about their sexuality reported very poor job satisfaction and commitment to the job. Additionally, it can be difficult for gay and lesbian employees to feel open about their career strengths when they cannot feel open about who they are. This is a secondary problem that can also lead to poor satisfaction marks, a sort of tacit discrimination against LGBT employees.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the various amendments to it protect employees from discriminatory practices based on race, sex, religion, nationality, age, and sexuality. But, like all laws, people frequently break them. It’s important to be able to recognize discrimination. If you are made, either verbally or implicitly, to feel that your sexuality is something that could affect your chances for career success, or your opportunities at the company, you are being discriminated against. It is your right and responsibility to seek fair working conditions and to keep employers from getting away with discriminatory policies. A qualified employment attorney can help you receive financial compensation.
Products such as the strain gauge that measure fatigues in metals play vital roles in productivity and safety. There are many categories of measuring instruments and many more if the products within each category are counted. For example, within the category of strain gauges there are seven sub-categories Borosilicate Sight Glass including accessories such as cleaning agents and solder terminals. Such products are of vital significance in a world which is increasingly dependent on high-tech equipment.
As the world revolves a myriad of machines work smoothly to keep things going. Massive planes take to the skies in tremendous bursts of power, and at a different level coal powered and nuclear turbines keep the electricity flowing into domestic kitchens. The stresses imposed by heat and movement upon the material components of all the machines that power our lives do not in themselves cause break downs but are the causes that will inevitably result in effects. Engineers measure stress in mechanical components using a variety of means.
A strain gauge is a resistance-based sensor used by mechanical engineers. Strain does not officially have a unit of measurement, but for reference purposes, a special unit of measurement is used. Because the changes in length are often very small, the unit of change employed is expressed as 10 to the power of six, to provide meaningful readings.
There are various types and configurations of sensors. The metal foil gauge consists of a length of thin metal wire wound around a grid called a matrix. This is stuck to a metal backing and then bonded to the object where measurement is required. The gauge is aligned with the line in which stress will occur. As the wire lengthens or compresses, so measurements are taken.
Optical sensors are made of glass, of varying thicknesses. Fibres with a core of 5 micrometers are surrounded by a layer of pure glass with a diameter of 125 micrometers. Different reflection points create optical effects. As these gauges are insensitive to electromagnetic fields they are useful in explosive atmospheres.
Configurations of gauges can be designed to measure various strains that might apply to objects of different sizes and components. For example the bi-axial configuration can measure along different planes, as in a hole or cutting instrument. Here two different appliance are aligned at right angles to a common point in order to measure along different axes.
In addition to measuring mechanically, instruments can be designed to measure thermally. The forces applied to continuously welded railway lines occur vertically, longitudinally and laterally. Configurations of different instruments can provide vitally important data for maintenance crews, and help to ensure the safety of long distance and high speed trains.
It is clear that the strain gauge play an important role across the gamut of industrial activities. In mining, agriculture, architecture, construction and road building there are obvious applications. Less obvious, but equally important are the uses in the media, medicine and legal services. Engineers engaged across all these fields do well to choose the products of reputable manufacturers who can be relied upon to produce accurate measuring instruments.